Atonement Foundations: Athanasius, the Trinity, and the Nicene Creed | The Anástasis Center for Christian Education & Ministry


Athanasius of Alexandria (c.298 – 373 AD) is considered the fountainhead of all Christian theology.  He defended the full divinity of Jesus and the Nicene Creed concerning the Trinity at a time when the Roman Emperor and some church leaders were opposed and hostile.  He also was the first to describe the New Testament as the collection of 27 books we receive today.

Athanasius, the Trinity, and the Nicene Creed

 Athanasius as Evangelist: Ways the Early Church Differed from the Protestant Reformers

discusses human development, body and soul

Athanasius as Evangelist: Is God Good Despite Evil?

examines Creation and Fall through an understanding of God’s Triune nature of love and goodness

Athanasius as Evangelist: Why Human Evil is Even Possible, and Why Sin is Addictive

discusses human nature, synthesizing many biblical passages starting from Genesis 3 – 4

Athanasius as Evangelist: Why Sin is Terrifying, and God Is Not

where I examine Hebrews 10:26 – 31 (it is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God) and Matthew 10:28/Luke 12:4 – 5 (fear the one who can destroy the soul) and compare them to Athanasius’ insights

Athanasius as Evangelist: Where Penal Substitution Goes Wrong, and Medical Substitution Succeeds

touches on the logic of unlimited atonement in an ontological-medical paradigm, not a legal-penal one

Athanasius as Evangelist: Jesus Paid the Debt to God, and Helps You Pay the Debt You Still Owe to God, Too

is a thorough examination of debt in both OT and NT, and what debt-forgiveness means in various passages in relation to atonement and salvation; includes a thematic treatment of human nature

Athanasius as Interpreter of the Trinity: Why the Nicene Creed and Penal Substitution are Incompatible

an introduction to the Father-Son relation, drawing from 1 Corinthians 1 and John 5

Athanasius as Interpreter of the Trinity: Why the Nicene Creed and Penal Substitution are Incompatible, Part Two

further examines the Son as the Father’s wisdom and power, including Colossians 1:15 – 17

Athanasius as Evangelist: God Haunts and Calls Us Through Our Own Words

discusses Genesis 1 and 2