Neuroscience, Emotional Health, Human Becoming, and Jesus | New Humanity Institute

This Series: This is the first blog post in a series called Human Being, Human Becoming.  I am exploring what human nature and human personhood are from biblical and theological perspectives.  I combine those insights cautiously with other disciplines, like neuroscience, psychology, etc.  Throughout, I am explaining why the medical substitutionary atonement view of Jesus…

Why Jesus’ Atonement Involved the Retelling of Older Stories:  He Carried Human Nature, But Did It Better | New Humanity Institute

What Penal Substitution Misses:  The Human Impact on Human Nature A further unfortunate result of Stott’s approach to Jesus’ cry is that he obscures Matthew’s actual atonement theology.  As I argue in what follows, Matthew utilizes the narrative format of atonement called recapitulation, where Jesus ‘fills to the full’ the narratives and stories before him,…

Athanasius as Interpreter of the Trinity: Why the Nicene Creed and Penal Substitution Are Incompatible, Part 2 | New Humanity Institute

John Calvin and Athanasius of Alexandria John Calvin’s distaste for Athanasius has recently been noted by Thomas G. Weinandy, one of the most respected scholars in the Catholic Church, former executive director for the Secretariat of Doctrine at the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, and Daniel A. Keating, professor of theology at Sacred Heart…

Athanasius as Interpreter of the Trinity: Why the Nicene Creed and Penal Substitution Are Incompatible | New Humanity Institute

The Relevance of the Father-Son Relation Athanasius’ understanding of the Father-Son relationship (1) disqualifies penal substitutionary atonement where the Son receives the punitive and retributive wrath of God; (2) questions any definition of justification in which the Father has a different experience of us than the Son and the Spirit; and (3) makes impossible a…

Athanasius as Evangelist: Jesus Paid the Debt to God, and Helps You Pay the Debt You Still Owe to God, Too | New Humanity Institute

Did Athanasius Believe in Penal Substitution? At this juncture, I want to consider specific objections to my understanding of Athanasius.  Specifically, I will explore Athanasius’ use of the terms ‘debt’ and ‘satisfaction’ in De Incarnatione 9 and 20.  Athanasius says: ‘For being over all, the Word of God naturally by offering His own temple and…