Atonement in Scripture: A Neuroscientific Reason for Why Retributive Justice is from the Fall, and Penal Substitution is Immature

Neuroscientist Daniel Reisel studied the brains of psychopathic murderers.  He gauged their responses to pictures of people’s emotional expressions.  Using MRI’s to image their brains, Reisel found a deficit in the amygdala, a region of the brain we believe to be the ‘location’ of empathy.  But Reisel and other neuroscientists also have hope.  They also…

Atonement in Scripture: Why Trump and Cruz Are the Direct, Logical Result of American Evangelical Theology

[This is part of a series on Rene Girard’s scapegoat theory and its link to retributive justice.  It is primarily about atonement theology, with politics as an illustration.] Thirst for Retribution ‘How could this happen?’ bemoan some conservative evangelicals.  Titles abound, such as:  The Inexplicable Evangelical Support for Donald Trump.[1]  But the reality is far…

Atonement in Scripture: Why Evangelicals Scapegoat Gays, Muslims, Etc.

Two days after the Tuesday, September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, Jerry Falwell discussed the attacks with fellow evangelical Pat Robertson, host of The 700 Club television program.  Falwell said: ‘The abortionists have got to bear some burden for this because God will not be mocked.  And when we destroy 40 million little innocent babies, we…

Atonement in Scripture: Donald Trump’s Scapegoating and the Scapegoating of the Black Community

U.S. History and Scapegoating by Conservatives and Liberals Let’s look at how Rene Girard’s definition of ‘scapegoating’ (as in, blaming one instead of the community) takes place in American public life.  Scapegoating is politically effective.  It is continually reinvigorated by American political campaigns.  On December 21, 2015, The Washington Post observed: ‘The same rhetoric that…