Athanasius as Interpreter of the Trinity: Why the Nicene Creed and Penal Substitution Are Incompatible | New Humanity Institute

The Relevance of the Father-Son Relation Athanasius’ understanding of the Father-Son relationship (1) disqualifies penal substitutionary atonement where the Son receives the punitive and retributive wrath of God; (2) questions any definition of justification in which the Father has a different experience of us than the Son and the Spirit; and (3) makes impossible a…

Athanasius as Evangelist: Jesus Paid the Debt to God, and Helps You Pay the Debt You Still Owe to God, Too | New Humanity Institute

Did Athanasius Believe in Penal Substitution? At this juncture, I want to consider specific objections to my understanding of Athanasius.  Specifically, I will explore Athanasius’ use of the terms ‘debt’ and ‘satisfaction’ in De Incarnatione 9 and 20.  Athanasius says: ‘For being over all, the Word of God naturally by offering His own temple and…

Jesus, the Heart Transplant Donor, and Denzel Washington’s Movie “John Q”

[This post is part of a series of illustrations for, and analogies of, Jesus’ saving work in the medical substitutionary atonement paradigm.  This series is especially designed for teachers and preachers.] Back in 2002, Denzel Washington starred in a movie called John Q.  Denzel played John Quincy Archibald, the father of a young son, Michael.  Michael…

Jesus Saves Us from the Toxins Within – My Kidney Story

[This post is part of a series of illustrations for, and analogies of, Jesus’ saving work in the medical substitutionary atonement paradigm.  This series is especially designed for teachers and preachers.]   In January of 2007, I was recovering from surgery.  I had donated one of my kidneys to my wife’s brother.  My brother-in-law was at…

Jesus, Harry Potter, and Medical Substitutionary Atonement

I really enjoy Harry Potter for its portrayal of friendship and for its clever literary allusions and historical references, like 1945 being the year Dumbledore, a Brit, defeated Grindelwald, a German, over blood purity issues – Rowling is paralleling Grindelwald with Adolf Hitler.  But the even deeper connection is between Voldemort and Harry.  Now for…

Jesus Heals Human Evil By Being Both Surgeon and Patient

[This is part of a blog series of illustrations and analogies for medical substitutionary atonement.] This photo is Dr. Evan O’Neill Kane (April 6, 1861 – April 1, 1932) operating on himself at the age of 60.  He is removing his own appendix.  He did this on February 15, 1921.  The reports I’ve read do not…