Athanasius as Interpreter of the Trinity: Why the Nicene Creed and Penal Substitution Are Incompatible, Part 2 | New Humanity Institute

John Calvin and Athanasius of Alexandria John Calvin’s distaste for Athanasius has recently been noted by Thomas G. Weinandy, one of the most respected scholars in the Catholic Church, former executive director for the Secretariat of Doctrine at the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, and Daniel A. Keating, professor of theology at Sacred Heart…

Athanasius as Interpreter of the Trinity: Why the Nicene Creed and Penal Substitution Are Incompatible | New Humanity Institute

The Relevance of the Father-Son Relation Athanasius’ understanding of the Father-Son relationship (1) disqualifies penal substitutionary atonement where the Son receives the punitive and retributive wrath of God; (2) questions any definition of justification in which the Father has a different experience of us than the Son and the Spirit; and (3) makes impossible a…

Athanasius as Evangelist: Jesus Paid the Debt to God, and Helps You Pay the Debt You Still Owe to God, Too | New Humanity Institute

Did Athanasius Believe in Penal Substitution? At this juncture, I want to consider specific objections to my understanding of Athanasius.  Specifically, I will explore Athanasius’ use of the terms ‘debt’ and ‘satisfaction’ in De Incarnatione 9 and 20.  Athanasius says: ‘For being over all, the Word of God naturally by offering His own temple and…

Jesus, the Heart Transplant Donor, and Denzel Washington’s Movie “John Q”

[This post is part of a series of illustrations for, and analogies of, Jesus’ saving work in the medical substitutionary atonement paradigm.  This series is especially designed for teachers and preachers.] Back in 2002, Denzel Washington starred in a movie called John Q.  Denzel played John Quincy Archibald, the father of a young son, Michael.  Michael…

Jesus Saves Us from the Toxins Within – My Kidney Story

[This post is part of a series of illustrations for, and analogies of, Jesus’ saving work in the medical substitutionary atonement paradigm.  This series is especially designed for teachers and preachers.]   In January of 2007, I was recovering from surgery.  I had donated one of my kidneys to my wife’s brother.  My brother-in-law was at…

Jesus, Harry Potter, and Medical Substitutionary Atonement

I really enjoy Harry Potter for its portrayal of friendship and for its clever literary allusions and historical references, like 1945 being the year Dumbledore, a Brit, defeated Grindelwald, a German, over blood purity issues – Rowling is paralleling Grindelwald with Adolf Hitler.  But the even deeper connection is between Voldemort and Harry.  Now for…